Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
- PublicationEffizienzsteigerung von Wärmenetzen durch sorptionsbasierte Wärmeübergabestationen
- PublicationComparative thermodynamic analysis of an improved ORC process with integrated injection of process fluidIn contrast to water-steam Rankine cycles, the ORC process uses organic working fluids. For working fluids of the dry class, a recuperator heat exchanger is frequently installed to increase the cycle efficiency. This paper analyses an improved ORC process with these features: A liquid working fluid stream is injected into the vapour flow between the high-pressure and the medium-pressure stage of the turbine. Furthermore, the recuperator is replaced by a spray condenser. The main objective is to increase efficiency with moderate changes in the process layout. A thermodynamic comparison of the improved process with a state-of-the-art ORC process is carried out by simulations and optimisations. A significant efficiency gain for the improved ORC process is obtained by a combination of the aforementioned features, mainly because of an increase of the mass flow in the economiser of the vapour generator (better heat utilization) and a corresponding mass flow in the medium stage of the turbine (additional power production). As a use case, waste heat utilization from clinker cooler at a temperature level of 275 °C was simulated. The improved process would lead to a significant increase in the overall net efficiency by up to 14%, compared to a state-of-the-art ORC process.
123 2991Scopus© Citations 4
- PublicationImproved ORC Process for Power Production by using Low Temperature Heat
- PublicationDie Anwendung der thermodynamischen Transformation im Fernwärmesektor
- PublicationImproved ORC process for power production by using low temperature heatOrganic Rankine Cycles (ORC) are a modification of the classical water-steam process and are particularly suitable for electricity generation from low and medium temperature heat sources, e.g., industrial waste heat or geothermal energy. In contrast to the water-steam process, the ORC process uses organic fluids as working fluids. When using working fluids of the dry class (e.g. n-pentane), a recuperator is frequently installed in state-of-the-art ORC processes to increase the cycle efficiency. This paper analyses an improved ORC process design: A liquid working fluid stream is mixed with the vapour flow between the high-pressure stage and the medium-pressure stage of the turbine. Furthermore, the recuperator is replaced by a spray condenser. These two improvements were analysed by thermodynamic process simulations. As a use case, electricity production from clinker cooler waste heat at a temperature level of 275°C was simulated. The improved process as described would lead to an increase in the overall net efficiency up to 14%, compared to a state-of-the-art ORC process.