Journal of Education and Humanities
Erziehungs-, Schul- und Bildungswesen
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
- PublicationDesign Criteria for Instructional VideosThe use of videos in teaching is becoming more and more widespread. For this purpose, not only existing videos are used, but also exclusive videos are created. There are different types of instructional videos used and created for teaching. It is useful to know which design principles these videos should follow in order to evaluate the quality of existing learning videos and to know the criteria one should consider when creating exclusive instructional videos. Therefore, questions arise as to how these videos should be designed to equally support theory and practice and what educational requirements they should meet for the use in teaching. These questions are answered with the framework of the study in hand that applied the method design-based research, incorporating qualitative and quantitative research methods. Survey instruments were guided interviews with experts, questionnaires for school students and a focus group. Participants in the study were teachers and students from the Vienna University of Teacher Education. The field of application was nutrition and consumer education for teaching students of the middle school. The results are presented in the form of design principles
- PublicationAI in academia: An overview of selected tools and their areas of application(2023)As a result of OpenAI's ChatGPT, there has been increasing interest in AI and web-based natural language processing (NLP), including in academia. In this article, we provide an overview of the tools that can be used for academic purposes. The overview was conducted from the perspective of a university educator and was intended to guide educators in higher education on emerging AI technologies. The tools discussed ranged from searching the literature and attributions to peer-reviewed articles, scientific writing, and academic writing and editing. The objective is to foster an informed approach to the integration of AI tools in academic settings, ensuring that educators are well-equipped to leverage these technologies to enhance the quality and output of academic work.
- PublicationExperiences with Lessons Learned Method in IT ProjectsThe project manager plays a central role in project integration and successful project completion. Leadership skills, especially knowledge-based leadership skills, are critical to project success as they enable the effective creation, sharing and use of knowledge. Project managers' social cognitive, interpersonal and strategic skills contribute to effective knowledge sharing. The Lessons Learned method is generally recommended for knowledge transfer in projects, but its effectiveness and implementation are controversial. The aim of this study is to investigate project managers' experiences with the Lessons Learned method in IT project management. The focus is on how these experiences influence knowledge transfer in IT projects. A qualitative research design was used to gain insight into the experiences of project managers. Eleven experts responsible for IT projects were interviewed in guideline-based expert interviews. The collected data was analysed using content structuring qualitative content analysis. The study found that project managers are responsible for knowledge transfer, but often do not perceive this task. Different perceptions of knowledge transfer methods were observed between traditional and agile training. The Lessons Learned approach showed unsatisfactory results and project managers defined their own methods. To improve knowledge transfer, project management standards should include clear tasks and support decision making. Generic models need to be integrated in the project management standards to ensure consistent approaches in practice.