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Title: Energy efficiency in waste-to-energy and its relevance with regard to climate control
Authors: Ragossnig, Arne M 
Wartha, Christian 
Kirchner, Andreas 
Keywords: Thermal treatment;Energy efficiency;Climate control;District cooling;Scenario analysis
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Publisher: Sage
Source: Waste Management and Research, 26(1), 70-77
Journal: Waste Management and Research 
Abstract: This article focuses on systematically highlighting the ways to optimize waste-to-energy plants in terms of their energy efficiency as an indicator of the positive effect with regard to climate control. Potentials for increasing energy efficiency are identified and grouped into categories. The measures mentioned are illustrated by real-world examples. As an example, district cooling as a means for increasing energy efficiency in the district heating network of Vienna is described. Furthermore a scenario analysis shows the relevance of energy efficiency in waste management scenarios based on thermal treatment of waste with regard to climate control. The description is based on a model that comprises all relevant processes from the collection and transportation up to the thermal treatment of waste. The model has been applied for household-like commercial waste. The alternatives compared are a combined heat and power incinerator, which is being introduced in many places as an industrial utility boiler or in metropolitan areas where there is a demand for district heating and a classical municipal solid waste incinerator producing solely electrical power. For comparative purposes a direct landfilling scenario has been included in the scenario analysis. It is shown that the energy efficiency of thermal treatment facilities is crucial to the quantity of greenhouse gases emitted.
ISSN: 0734-242X
DOI: 10.1177/0734242X07087655
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
Appears in Collections:Energie-Umweltmanagement

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