Now showing 1 - 10 of 13
- PublicationWork-site health promotion of frequent computer users: comparing selected interventionsOBJECTIVE: Frequent computer use is associated with an increase in musculoskeletal complaints. The present study aims at comparing the relative efficacy of three novel interventions for the preventions of musculoskeletal complaints in frequent computer users. PARTICIPANTS: 93 employees (56 woman, 37 men, mean age 40.1 ± 8.8 years) with frequent computer use. METHODS: Participants were assigned on the basis of preference to one of the following interventions of 8 week duration: Nordic Walking (NW), biofeedback assisted relaxation and stretching (BFB), balance exercises on a wobble board (BAL) or a waiting list control group. Outcome measures were musculoskeletal complaints, emotional well-being, fatigue, job dissatisfaction as well as neuromuscular activity in the neck/shoulder region at rest and during computer work assessed before and after the intervention and at 3 months follow-up. RESULTS: The average number of training-units per week was 2.2 ± 0.8, 5.5 ± 3.5 and 4.1 ± 2.9 for NW, BFB and BAL, respectively. NW led to short and medium term improvement of musculoskeletal complaints, BFB to a short term improvement of musculoskeletal complaints. Effects on the well-being related variables or on neuromuscular activity were not found. BAL had no effect on the studied variables. CONCLUSION: NW and to a limited extent BFB are interventions potentially useful for reducing musculoskeletal complaints in frequent computer users.
Scopus© Citations 10 555
- PublicationRelationales Innovationsmanagement im Hochschulbereich(Institut für relationale Beratung und Weiterbildung, 2015-10)
- PublicationComparison of rest-break interventions during a mentally demanding taskResearch is scarce on ways to enhance the effect of rest breaks during mentally demandingtasks. The present study investigated the effectiveness of two rest‐break interventionson well‐being during an academic lecture. Sixty‐six students (53 females, mean age22.5 years) enrolled in two different university classes of 4‐hr duration participatedin the study. Two measures of well‐being (fatigue and vigor) were assessed immediatelybefore, after, and 20 minutes after the break. A control condition without a breakas well as an unstructured break was compared with breaks either encompassing physicalactivity or a relaxation exercise. Compared with the nonbreak condition, the unstructuredrest break led to an increase in vigor, the exercise break as well as the relaxationbreak both to an increase in vigor and a decrease in fatigue at 20‐min post break.Compared with the unstructured break, exercise led to an (additional) increase invigor and relaxation to an (additional) decrease in fatigue at 20‐min post break.Thus, the effects of rest breaks during mentally demanding tasks can be enhanced byengaging in physical activity or relaxation exercises, with effects lasting at leastas long as 20 min into the continuation of the task.
Scopus© Citations 28 420
- PublicationThe role of sport in regional politics in the EU – the case of a Hungarian and an Austrian region(Waxmann, 2007)
;Dancs, HenrietteThe support of under-developed regions is the declared goal of the European Union regional policy. To realize social and economic cohesion all around the EU is still a real and very difficult challenge for the Community. The area of sport may be one of the many options which politicians and development experts should take into consideration to achieve sustainable regional development. Sport as a multinational and global phenomenon has become an significant factor and sector of modern society. It has also become a major social movement in Europe. The Declaration on Sport in the Amsterdam Treaty (1997), the Nice Treaty (2000) and also the Magglingen Declaration (2003) have emphasized the importance of sport's social function. Besides these documents, the consensus among sport sociologists is that there is a need to preserve and promote the functions of sport in the European Union. Considering the multifunctional nature and role of sport, it is difficult to understand why the potential of this sphere has not been utilized as much as it could be, particularly in Hungary. The aim of this paper is to focus attention on this unsatisfactory situation both in theory and in practice. The research was carried out in two EU regions, in County Vas (Hungary) and in Burgenland (Austria), using a specifically designed questionnaire to measure attitudes towards the involvement and contribution of sport in development planning, using Lickert scales. The sample population included experts working in sport and region development administration: sport development officers (N=38), regional development officers (N=24), mayors and sport journalists (N=31), tourism experts (N=27) and coaches/PE teachers (N=120) in both regions. It was found that the sample population clearly perceive that the requirements and potentials of sport are not being considered as part of the development policies of the different spheres. According to the responses of the sport and development experts, the involvement of different levels of sport in regional development projects is low. The conclusion of the research: sport's contribution to sustainable regional development is not as great as it could be. Scopus© Citations 1 137
- PublicationSchoolwalker – eine Initiative zur gesundheits- und umweltbewussten Mobilität bei KindernWalking, as a form of exercise, promotes health and can contribute to a reduction of traffic as well as reduced environmental pollution. The promotion of physical activity in early childhood has been shown to be an important instrument in improving levels of health and overall wellbeing. The aim of this study was to show the influence of walking to school on kinesic behaviour of children and to determine the impact of walking on CO2 emission levels.
192Scopus© Citations 4