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Burgenländischer Gesundhetisbericht 2017 Kurzfassung

2018-06, Szabo, Barbara, Stöller, Julia, Hauer, Katharina, Csar, Barbara, Gollner, Erwin, Schnabel, Florian

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The burden of disease attributable to physical inactivity in the Austrian region of Burgenland

2013-11-02, Walter, Evelyn, Dragosits, Aline, Gollner, Erwin, Szabo, Barbara, Schnabel, Florian

Objectives Physical inactivity is a significant public health problem, which is unlikely to be solved through classical health promotion approaches alone. Physical inactivity leads to a host of chronic degenerative conditions and premature death. In Europe, more than half of the population is not sufficiently active. The WHO estimates that in Europe, 10% or nearly a million of deaths are associated with inactivity. This represents a loss of 8.3 million disability adjusted life years (DALYs). In the Austrian region of Burgenland about 52.6% or 125,434 people of the population are physical inactive. As a risk factor for several chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, depression, back-pain, hypertension, breast cancer and colorectal carcinoma physical inactivity can potentially be a substantial public health burden. Furthermore, it is one of the greatest risk factors for mortality. Hence, the aim of the analysis was to estimate the direct health-care costs saved, the number of diseases and premature death saved each year attributable to a health promotion program focusing on walking (“3,000 steps” and more).Methods The evaluation of the health-economic impact was performed using a cost-of-illness analysis. We have used relative risk (RR) estimates from the literature to evaluate the effects of physical inactivity on the above mentioned diseases, which are known to be significantly related to physical inactivity. Mortality rates for each condition were derived from local data of Burgenland. Afterwards, the population-attributable fraction (PAF) for each illness to estimate the risk factor on the given disease was computed. The PAF for each disease was calculated as: [P(RR – 1)] / [1 + P(RR – 1)] P = prevalence of physical inactivity in the population RR = relative risk for the disease in an inactive person We have calculated effects of a reduction in inactivity level by 10,000 physical inactive people in Burgenland. Cost calculation Direct medical costs were considered from the health care system perspective. The costs of each disease related to physical inactivity are determined by the yearly resource utilisation associated with each disease. Resource use (e.g. the type and frequency of medical goods and services rendered to the patient) and monetary value (prices, tariffs and/or opportunity costs) for each unit of medical goods and services were used to calculate the total direct costs. Costs were calculated bottom-up for the year 2012. We have calculated effects of a reduction in inactivity level by 10,000 physical inactive people in Burgenland. Results Results show that physical inactivity causes 27,542 cases of illness (15.6%) as well as 50 (10.6%) premature deaths in the population of Burgenland. Reducing the inactive group by 10,000 people, 2,221 cases of illness and cases of death would be reduced by four. Physical inactivity is leading to a total cost of illness of 58.9 million Euro, which represents 6.3% of total health expenditure. If the health promotion program is suitable to change the lifestyle of 10,000 people, cost of illness attributable to physical inactivity could be reduced by 6.40 million Euro each year of which 5.03 million Euro are directly related to diminish physical inactivity. Conclusion Physical inactivity represents an important public health burden in Austria. Even modest reductions in inactivity levels could result in substantial cost savings.

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ready4health - Ein Health Report System für Gesundheits- und Sicherheitsmanagement in Betrieben

2018, Gollner, Erwin, Szabo, Barbara, Schnabel, Florian, Thaller-Schneider, Magdalena

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Drinking habits among the youth - a quantitative analysis of drinking habits among youngsters (14-22 years) in Austria

2013-05-23, Gollner, Erwin, Schnabel, Florian, Szabo, Barbara

Alcohol-free drinks are the basis of a healthy diet. Water stimulates metabolism and promotes blood circulation, while a lack of water can lead to circulatory failure. However drinking habits of young people are a neglected field of science in health promotion. In Austria till now there has been no empirical study which analyses drinking patterns among adolescents.

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Der Weg vom traditionellen Gesundheitsbericht zum integrierten Public Health Report am Beispiel des Burgenländischen Gesundheitsberichts 2012

2014, Schnabel, Florian, Szabo, Barbara, Gollner, Erwin

Während vor einigen Jahrzehnten bei der Erstellung von Gesundheitsberichten im Rahmen der Medizinal-statistik der Fokus auf die Ursachen von Krankheiten und Todesfällen gelegt wurde, hat sich die anzustre-bende Funktion eines Gesundheitsberichts in den vergangenen Jahren aufgrund der zunehmenden Be-deutung der Public Health Perspektive in Österreich erweitert. Aus diesem Grund wurde im Zuge der Bur-genländischen Gesundheitsberichterstattung 2012 versucht, das Konzept der integrierten Gesundheitsbe-richterstattung im Sinne der Erstellung eines umfassenden Public Health Reports in der Praxis anzuwen-den. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, wurde ein multimethodischer Ansatz gewählt. So fanden im Rahmen der Erstellung des Berichts Sekundärdatenanalysen, eine standardisierte Befragung, leitfadengestützte Inter-views und Fokusgruppen statt. Durch die Berücksichtigung verschiedener Dimensionen der integrierten Gesundheitsberichterstattung sowie der Orientierung an der Stufenleiter der Integration nach Süß et al. (2004) und dem Health in All Policies-Konzept liegt im Burgenland erstmalig ein determinantenorientierter Public Health Report vor. Damit sich in Österreich die Gesundheitsberichterstattung auf allen Ebenen (Bund, Land, Stadt/Gemeinde) weiter zu einem Public Health Reporting hin entwickeln kann, gilt es in Zukunft, unterschiedliche Interessen von Wissenschaft und Politik zu berücksichtigen und Strukturen zur intersektoralen Kooperation innerhalb des gesundheitspolitisch-administrativen Systems aufzubauen.

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Arbeitsweise der Gesundheitsförderung

2018, Szabo, Barbara, Reseterits, Viktoria, Schnabel, Florian

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Healthy and meaningful leisure behaviour of young adults as a multisectoral challenge

2014-09-18, Szabo, Barbara, Schnabel, Florian

Introduction: In the leisure sector our society is confronted with permanent changes. Actual challenges are forcing voluntary activities, handling with new types of media and using free time wisely. According to the Social Model of Health by Dahlgren & Whitehead (1991) leisure-time activities have an important influence on adolescent health. Objectives: The aims of the empirical study were to quantitatively analyse leisuretime activites of youngsters comprehensively (e.g. influencing factors, motives, health consequences, satisfaction, identity formation) and to identify need for action. Methods: In 2012 the FH Burgenland carried out a standardized online survey concerning leisure behaviour of young Austrians between the age of 11 and 17 (n = 461). The questionnaire was distributed among adolescents by virtual social networks. Results: Favourite activites of Austrian adolescents are listening to music, surfing the internet and meeting friends. Sex, age and relationship with parents strongly correlate with choice of hobbies. Some activites like doing sports have a positive influence while others like playing computer games have a negative influence on selfreported health. 32% of adolescents are dissatisfied with their leisure time. Reasons are little free time because of school as well as missing sense of purpose and little social contacts. Conclusions: Austrian adolescents wish to have more leisure opportunities, meetingpoints and less school stress. In future based on these results concrete political suggestions should be developed in order to enable adolescents a healthy and meaningful leisure behaviour. The education sector plays a vital role in that context. Nevertheless it is necessary that all relevant sectors and organizations (schools, communities, (sport) clubs, health promotion organizations, youth work) work together. Possible actions – in which adolescents have to be integrated – are establishing leisure-time facilities and youth clubs.

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Topographic conditions and physical activity behaviour of young adults in Austria

2014, Szabo, Barbara, Gollner, Erwin, Schnabel, Florian

In Austria there is an east-west divide concerning the amount of physical activity. This is associated with poorer health in the eastern region of Austria compared to the western. Experts have posited that the different topographic conditions may be one reason for these differences. However, this hypothesis had not been scientifically proven. This study deployed a multi-staged approach. First, a semi-standardized quantitative online survey was used to compare both the outdoor physical activities and physical activity behaviour in general of people ages 18-35 in Burgenland (n=150) and in Tyrol (n=150). The chi-squared test was used to determine if differences between these two groups were significant. Finally, a focus group was conducted, in which experts working in the field of physical activity promotion (n=9) interpreted the results and devised possible practical measures for improving physical activity behaviour.

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Gesundheitskompetenz von Führungskräften und MitarbeiterInnen - Ansätze für das Betriebliche Gesundheitsmanagment

2017-05-11, Schnabel, Florian, Szabo, Barbara, Gollner, Erwin

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Medizinische Dokumentationsfachkraft : ein neues Berufsbild im Krankenhaus

2015, Gollner, Erwin, Schnabel, Florian, Szabo, Barbara