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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Comparison of rest-break interventions during a mentally demanding task
    Blasche, Gerhard 
    ; ;
    Ekmekcioglu, Cem 
    Research is scarce on ways to enhance the effect of rest breaks during mentally demandingtasks. The present study investigated the effectiveness of two rest‐break interventionson well‐being during an academic lecture. Sixty‐six students (53 females, mean age22.5 years) enrolled in two different university classes of 4‐hr duration participatedin the study. Two measures of well‐being (fatigue and vigor) were assessed immediatelybefore, after, and 20 minutes after the break. A control condition without a breakas well as an unstructured break was compared with breaks either encompassing physicalactivity or a relaxation exercise. Compared with the nonbreak condition, the unstructuredrest break led to an increase in vigor, the exercise break as well as the relaxationbreak both to an increase in vigor and a decrease in fatigue at 20‐min post break.Compared with the unstructured break, exercise led to an (additional) increase invigor and relaxation to an (additional) decrease in fatigue at 20‐min post break.Thus, the effects of rest breaks during mentally demanding tasks can be enhanced byengaging in physical activity or relaxation exercises, with effects lasting at leastas long as 20 min into the continuation of the task.
      418Scopus© Citations 25
  • Publication
    Integrierte Gesundheitsberichterstattung als konzeptionelle Grundlage für intersektorale Zusammenarbeit am Beispiel des Burgenländischen Gesundheitsberichts 2012
    Ziel der Gesundheitsberichterstattung ist die Aufbereitung von Daten zur Schaffung einer gesundheitspolitischen Entscheidungsgrundlage. Dies kann durch integrierte Gesundheitsberichterstattung gelingen. Dieses Konzept wurde im Zuge der Burgenländischen Gesundheitsberichterstattung 2012 angewandt. Hierfür wurden unterschiedliche qualitative und quantitative Datenerhebungsmethoden eingesetzt. Im Burgenland – einem Bundesland Österreichs – liegt nun erstmals ein umfassender, integrierter Gesundheitsbericht vor. Integration fand auf Datenebene, Akteursebene sowie durch partizipative BürgerInnenbeteiligung statt. Auf der Stufenleiter der Integration nach Süß et al. (2004), welche Auskunft über die Qualität eines integrierten Berichts gibt, lässt sich dieser Bericht im oberen Drittel einordnen. Integrierte Gesundheitsberichterstattung hat das Potenzial, die Akzeptanz von Gesundheitsberichten sowie die Nutzung von aufbereiteten Informationen für politische Entscheidungen zu erhöhen. Aktuelle Herausforderungen liegen in der Verfügbarkeit intersektoraler Daten sowie unterschiedlichen Interessensgruppen und AdressatInnen von Gesundheitsberichten. Schlüsselwörter: integrierte Gesundheitsberichterstattung, Gesundheitsbericht, Stufenleiter der Integration, intersektorale Zusammenarbeit
      256  154
  • Publication
    Topographic conditions and physical activity behaviour of young adults in Austria
    (University of Alicante, 2014) ; ;
    In Austria there is an east-west divide concerning the amount of physical activity that has been detected. This is associated with poorer health in the eastern region of Austria compared to the western. Experts think that differences in topographic conditions might be a reason for these differences. However this hypothesis until now has not been scientifically proven. This study incorporates a multi-staged approach. First, outdoor physical activity behaviour (levels of exercise, favourite activities etc.) among people aged between 18-35 and living in Burgenland (n=150), as well as levels of physical activity in general, were compared with those of people at the same age living in Tyrol (n=150), by using a semi-standardized quantitative online-survey. To determine if differences between these two groups were significant the chi-squared test was used. In addition satisfaction with opportunities for outdoor physical exercise, motives, barriers and wishes concerning design of green spaces were analysed. Finally experts, working in the field of physical activity promotion (n=9), discussed within a focus group how to implement results into practice. The hypothesis that topographic conditions have an influence on physical activity behaviour was confirmed. For example, people living in Tyrol are more likely to engage in mountain sports than those living in Burgenland, while Nordic Walking is more popular in Burgenland compared to Tyrol (P<0.05). The results also show that people living in Tyrol are more physically active in general (P<0.05) as well as do more outdoor sport than people living in Burgenland (P<0.05). In addition some barriers as well as need for action could be identified in both regions. The natural environment influences levels of physical activity as well as sport activities among local populations. However differences in topographic conditions are not like to be the only reason for east-west differences concerning levels and forms of physical activity. Expert recommendations need to be implemented in the future. Further research needs to be conducted to examine the role of other potential explanations for east-west differences.
      223  51